Black Spruce - Photos Copyright Ward Cameron 2003 - Click to view a larger image Black Spruce - Photos Copyright Ward Cameron 2003 - Click to view a larger image Black Spruce - Photos Copyright Ward Cameron 2003 - Click to view a larger image Black Spruce - Photos Copyright Ward Cameron 2003 - Click to view a larger image 
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Trees ( Needles Square )
Pine Family (Pinaceae)

Black Spruce
Picea marianna

Season: 
Habitat:
 Montane on both sides of Continental Divide
Height:
 10-15 m

Description: Black spruce is a rough looking tree. Often the branches are sparse and drooping, with a thick collection near the top of the tree. The needles are square, and approximately 1 cm long. They are dark bluish-green in colour, darker than white spruce. The egg-shaped cones are 2.5 cm long and pointed. The scales are purplish-brown, and tight fitting when new. Although the cones don't fall off the tree, they do open occasionally to release the seeds over time. The bark is very rough and scaly, more so than the white and Engelmann spruce.

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All Material Ward Cameron 2005

 

 

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