White Spruce - Photos Copyright Ward Cameron 2003 - Click to view a larger image White Spruce - Photos Copyright Ward Cameron 2003 - Click to view a larger image White Spruce - Photos Copyright Ward Cameron 2003 - Click to view a larger image White Spruce - Photos Copyright Ward Cameron 2003 - Click to view a larger image 
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Trees ( Needles Square )
Pine Family (Pinaceae)

White Spruce
Picea glauca

Season:  
Habitat:
 Montane on both sides of Continental Divide
Height:
 20-30 m

Description: The most common spruce in the Canadian Rockies, the white spruce is the principal low elevation spruce. The needles are approximately 1 cm in length, sharp and hard with a square cross-section. The bark is rough and scaly. Cones are approximately 5 cm long with hard, smooth scales.

Since white spruce and Engelmann spruce interbreed, it's difficult to tell them apart. Generally, if you are in the montane, it's white spruce. As you enter the subalpine, white spruce gives way to Engelmann. Perhaps the best way to distinguish the two is to look at the cones. The scales of white spruce cones are hard with smooth edges.

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All Material Ward Cameron 2005

 

 

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