Engelmann Spruce - Photos Copyright Ward Cameron 2003 - Click to view a larger image Engelmann Spruce - Photos Copyright Ward Cameron 2003 - Click to view a larger image Engelmann Spruce - Photos Copyright Ward Cameron 2003 - Click to view a larger image Engelmann Spruce - Photos Copyright Ward Cameron 2003 - Click to view a larger image 
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Trees ( Needles Square )
Pine Family (Pinaceae)

Engelmann Spruce
Picea engelmannii

Season:  
Habitat:
 Subalpine on both sides of Continental Divide
Height:
 20-30 m

Description: As elevation increases, white spruce gives way to Engelmann spruce. This subalpine tree can grow as high as 30 m, but at the upper extent of its range, it often forms low, twisted masses known as krummholz. At mid-altitudes it interbreeds with white spruce, making it virtually impossible to tell them apart until advancing elevation creates pure stands.

The bark is scaly brown, The needles are approximately 1 cm in length, and square. They are curved, and sharp at the tip. The cones are oval in shape, 2.5-7.5 cm in length, and have thin scales with rough margins.

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All Material Ward Cameron 2005

 

 

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