Western White Pine - Photos Copyright Ward Cameron 2003 - Click to view a larger image Western White Pine - Photos Copyright Ward Cameron 2003 - Click to view a larger image Western White Pine - Photos Copyright Ward Cameron 2003 - Click to view a larger image Western White Pine - Photos Copyright Ward Cameron 2003 - Click to view a larger image 
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Trees ( Needles in groups of five )
Pine Family (Pinaceae)

Western White Pine
Pinus monticola

Season: 
Habitat:
 Alpine
Height:
 45 to 60 m (150-200 ft)

Description: Our final five-needled pine, the western white pine is a southern pine. It can grow very tall, with an arrow-straight trunk. The crown can be narrow, and columnar in appearance, with widely spaced branches. Sometimes, in thick forests where western white pine may form a small percentage of the forest cover, the only evidence of this pine may be the huge cones it leaves lying on the ground.

The needles of the western white pine grow in groups of five and are 5-10 cm (2-4 in) in length. They have a bluish-green colour and are very soft to the touch, typical of five-needled pines.

The cones of western white pines are immense, often growing to 10 to 25 cm (4-10 in) long and up to (1.5 in) in diametre. They mature in the fall, and release the seeds soon after. They fall from the tree during the winter. The winged seeds are approximately 3 cm (1.25 in) long.

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Range: The western white pine is found in the southern portion of the Canadian Rockies from Waterton Lakes National Park, extending throughout the northern U.S. Rockies and west towards the coast of British Columbia.

Look for it in upland landscapes with cool north-facing exposure. It can tolerate a wide variety of soil types.

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All Material Ward Cameron 2005

 

 

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