Bronze Bells/Mountainbells - Photos Copyright Ward Cameron 2003 - Click to view a larger image Bronze Bells/Mountainbells - Photos Copyright Ward Cameron 2003 - Click to view a larger image Bronze Bells/Mountainbells - Photos Copyright Ward Cameron 2003 - Click to view a larger image Bronze Bells/Mountainbells - Photos Copyright Ward Cameron 2003 - Click to view a larger image 
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Green Flowers ( Lily-like Leaves )
Lily Family (Liliaceae)

Bronze Bells/Mountainbells
Stenanthium occidentale

Season: June to August
Habitat:
 Moist woods and embankments from the Montane to the Alpine
Height:
 30-50 cm

Description: This poisonous lily has only a few basal, lily-like leaves. They clasp the stem, are smooth margined, and may twist along their length. They are upwards of 22-30 cm long. The flower stem rises erectly, may contain one or more tiny leaves, and terminates with a loose spike of dangling greenish-brown bell-like flowers on a short stalk--often sprouting from beneath a tiny leaf. The individual flowers are six parted, and 1 cm long. The roots form an oval-shaped bulb.

Flower: The distinctive bronze-bell gives this plant its name. The flowers are green to brownish-red and form a tiny bell with six tiny petals that curve backwards slightly. The flowers are at the end of short stalks (raceme). There are usually between 3 and 25 individual flower heads, each between 10-15 mm in length.

Leaf: The leaves are inconspicuous with 2 or 3 narrow, grass-like basal leaves. The individual leaves are 10-30 cm long and 3-20 mm wide.

Fruit/Seed: As the flowers mature, they are transformed into narrow 3-beaked capsules, each approximately 1-2 cm long.

Similar Species: None

Range: Bronze-bells can be found throughout the eastern and western slopes of the Rockies, from 52 N south to Montana, Idaho and California.

This highly poisonous plant should never be injested. In some native cultures, it was called nose-bleed plant because it had a reputation for causing nose-bleeds when touched.

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All Material Ward Cameron 2005

 

 

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